The ganch carving is one of the unique and ancient kinds of art craft of Uzbekistan. The art of ganch carving in Central Asia, and in particular Uzbekistan, represents a unique school in terms of artistic style and specific technical performance. The history of this craft originates in the III-IV centuries. Until now, ancient monuments of architecture, such as the palace of Varakhsha, the residence of the rulers of the “noble Bukhara” have been preserved.
Ganch is a knitting material known in Central Asia, it is obtained by burning a particular rock, containing gypsum and clay. In ancient times it was used as a plaster for walls or mortar for bonding bricks. But the boundless imagination and talent of folk craftsmen turned a simple alabaster into an exquisite decoration of palaces and mosques. For many centuries carving on the ganch has reached the heights of true art. Plastic, fast grasping, pliable in processing and then while the time is extremely hard after drying, it has a pleasant velvety surface and a soft white colour. The property of a ganch to a rapid grasp, its dense Hankmel-porous structure, strength, pure white colour determined its technical and artistic qualities. Ganch, being in itself very pliable material, has a high plastic expressiveness.
In the arsenal of the carver, ganchor, more than a dozen tools that allow you to create the most complex patterns, the so-called pardos. The masters themselves invented templates for the ornament, the most beautiful and successful of them craftsmen collected and saved their entire life. This was the main wealth of the ganchor, which was inherited from father to son. The real Usto (master) always had pupils with whom the children of the carver and his fellow villagers were becoming. Thus, during the centuries, dynasties were formed, and whole villages, and sometimes cities became known due to the art of local craftsmen. Now people want to sell their items, visit uzikat.com in order to see some ancient items.
The real flowering of this art came in the XVIII-XIX centuries, when not only mosques and noble houses began to be decorated, but also the dwellings of the common people. This period is characterized by the improvement of methods, techniques, varieties of carving, the creation of local schools. In the late XIX-early XX centuries. Such centres of carved ganch as Khiva, Bukhara, Tashkent, Samarkand, and Fergana were allocated on the territory of Uzbekistan.